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2004 Athens Olympic Games

Stadiums, Venues & Infrastructure Projects, Athens, Greece

Olympic Athletic Centre of Athens

by Santiago Calatrava

The project for the aesthetic integration of the Athens Olympic Centre (OAKA) was designed by the well-known Spanish architect Santiago Calatrava.

The project included the following partial projects:

Service infrastructure, outdoor areas and surroundings of the Athens Olympic centre / Velodrome Roof / Redesign of velodrome interior (5,250 spectators capacity) / Main Olympic Stadium roof / Service spaces / Wall of Nations / Olympic Centre Entrances / Tunnels / Parking Lots /Athletes warmup facilities.

The scope of work included:

Water Supply / Sewage and Rainwater / Fire Protection / Lighting / Power / Electrical Substation / Telephones - Data / Sound Facilities / CCTV) / Lighting and Earthing / Elevators / Special installation (compressed air, vacuum system, gases, etc.)

Olympic Equestrian Center and New Racecourse

The installations of the Olympic Equestrian Center and of the New Racecourse of Athens in Marcopoulo were deployed in an area of 2.112,000m², with strong topographic fluctuations and with many archaeological findings. Particular emphases has been given to the incorporation of the complex to the environment.

The Olympic Equestrian Center is located to the north and the racecourse is located on the north-east side the Cross-Country space extends rom the south-east to the south-west side. The main buildings of the Olympic Equestrian Center are the jumping arena with 6.000 permanent stands and the dressage arena with 2.000 permanent stands, the VIP building, a closed race-training arena, a vet clinic, high-specification stables, and a support building complex.

The complex of the New Athens Racecourse has a double track, for racing and training, and an extensive traffic network for the exclusive use of horses, while all main roofed uses are concentrated in the Grandstand, located in front of the finish line of the track. The Grandstand has a minimalistic style, with plain and simple lines adopting the same architectural used in the buildings of the Equestrian Center.

The planning of the surrounding space has been performed for the Olympic Center and the Racecourse as a whole.

Faliron Bay Development

In the context of the 2004 Olympic Games the Ministry of Public Works appointed the design along the coast of Faliron Bay of a comprehensive development with emphasis on leisure and sport activities. As part of the group, the Firm designed all Marine works including the Marina, the seawall and coastal protection and the waterfront promenade wall as well as providing structural design for numerous buildings and several bridges and traffic studies.

The main features of this project included the following:

• Extensive landfill with the creation of a new 1.5 km quay wall forming an arc to the southeastern end of the bay. Also utilized for the creation of a pedestrian promenade.
• Reconstruction of the mouth of the Ilissos river.
• Construction of a 50m wide pedestrian "Esplanade".
• Construction of a 400 - berth nautical sports Marina.
• Two Olympic Stadiums, one for Beach-Volley and one for Tae-kwon-do with 7 training courts nearby and one new football stadium.
• A 1km long series of linear buildings joined with pedestrian bridges at their roof level.
• Extensive open spaces for recreation
and leisure.

The hydraulic component in short provided for :
• Flood control
• Water Supply networks
• Sanitation networks
• Irrigation system including the option of re-use of treated water from a WasteWater Treatment Plant

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